Report praises one program, dings two

A new report on student teaching programs rates one Colorado education school highly but gives low marks to two others, evaluations those schools don’t agree with.

ClassroomThe report, “Student Teaching in the United States,” was released today by the New York-based National Council on Teacher Quality.

It rates student teaching system of Colorado Christian University in Lakewood as “model” but those of the University of Northern Colorado and Western State College as “poor.”

Those were the only Colorado programs reviewed, and the full study examined only 134 teacher preparation programs out of about 1,400 nationwide. Of the 134, 7 percent were rated as model, 17 percent as good, 50 percent as weak and 25 percent as poor. Colorado 19 higher education institutions have state-approved teacher prep programs.

Do your homework

The validity of the report was dismissed by Eugene Sheehan, dean of the College of Education and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Northern Colorado, the state’s largest teacher preparation program. “These studies aren’t real in-depth.” (Read Sheehan’s blog post on the report.)

The NCTQ doesn’t release detailed information on individual programs, so it’s not possible to examine all the factors leading to its ratings of UNC, Colorado Christian and Western. Julie Greenberg, senior policy analyst, said the council feels the report’s conclusions “are best conveyed in the aggregate” and that “we didn’t want them [institutions] to be considered in isolation.”

Nella Anderson, director of the teacher education program at Western, said in an email, “The study did not accurately evaluate our current program, even based on their own rating system.” Sara Dallman, dean of the education program at Colorado Christian, replied to a request for comment by saying she was out of the office until Aug. 2.

Findings and recommendations

The main findings of the report are:

  • There aren’t enough qualified “cooperating teachers” (those who supervise student teachers) nor enough demand for new elementary teachers nationwide to justify the number of student teachers placed in schools every year.
  • Three quarters of institutions don’t determine if cooperating teachers are effective and two thirds don’t assess the mentoring abilities of teachers who work with students.
  • Preparation programs have little power to set student teaching requirements with districts.
  • Student teachers don’t get enough feedback from districts or their training programs.

The report recommends:

  • Reducing the number of students who are trained for elementary teaching.
  • A focus of finding and using “exemplary” cooperating teachers.
  • Districts take fewer student teachers so that they can be paired only with effective cooperating teachers who have strong mentoring skills.

The report estimates that only one in 25 teachers nationwide is qualified and willing to supervise a student teacher.

How the report was done

The report measured programs against several standards chosen by NCTQ, the five most important of which involved the length of student teaching programs, selection of cooperating teachers by the teacher preparation program and the qualifications of cooperating teachers.

All 134 programs were reviewed against the five standards, and then 32 programs were reviewed on 14 additional standards. Colorado Christian was evaluated against all the council’s standards, but not UNC or Western.

According to the report, researchers examined student teaching program documents and surveyed program administrators and school principals about student teaching in the 2008-09 school year. Five case studies were based on campus visits, none of them in Colorado.

The report concluded that while the research focused on undergraduates who plan to teach in elementary school, “We can identify no reason why our findings and recommendations would not generally extend to both undergraduate and graduate preparation of all classroom teachers.”

Researchers randomly chose one private institution in each state and two public programs, one relatively large and one relatively small.

Eugene Sheehan
Eugene Sheehan

Sheehan was critical of the report’s methods, saying, “They come up with their own criteria that are not research based.” He also said he feels NCTQ studies are too “input based,” focusing heavily on course syllabi and program handbooks and not enough on outputs – actual program performance. He compared the approach to rating cars from blueprints rather than actually driving them.

He noted that the UNC education program was recently reaccredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, a lengthy process that includes site visits by evaluators.

Greenberg of NCTQ defended the report’s methods, saying, “This is one area where it seemed to us an unassailable presumption that establishing the right policies [and] procedures … can hardly be immaterial.” She added, “They’ll not a guarantee, but we have to believe that they they’ve got to be part of the equation.”

(Read more about the debate over NCTQ’s methodology in this article on Inside Higher Education.)

About NCTQ

The NCTQ is a reform-oriented group that issues reports and advocates on teacher quality issues, especially preparation. Former Colorado Lt. Gov. Barbara O’Brien chairs its board of directors, and Sen. Mike Johnston, D-Denver and author of Colorado’s educator effectiveness law, sits on the NCTQ advisory board.

A 2009 report by the council rated Colorado teacher preparation programs low in training students in how to teach reading and math. Education school deans also questioned the methodology of that report. (Read  story.)

The council is funded by such foundations as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Broad Foundation and the Denver-based Daniels Fund. (Disclosure: The Daniels Fund also supports Education News Colorado.)

The council is working with U.S. News & World Report on a national review and rating of teacher preparation programs.

Colorado teacher prep at a glance


Teacher preparation programs at 19 institutions are approved by the departments of education and higher education.

Those include Adams State, Colorado Christian, Colorado College, CSU, Colorado Mesa, CSU-Pueblo, Fort Lewis, Jones International University, Metro State, Regis, CU-Boulder, CU-Colorado Springs, CU-Denver, the University of Denver, UNC, the University of Phoenix and Western State.

All but CSU and Jones International offer undergraduate training in elementary education, the focus of the NCTQ report. (Denver Seminary and Rocky Mountain College of Art offer limited specialized teacher training.)

There’s also a statewide transfer agreement that allows community college students to transfer early childhood and elementary education credits to state four-year programs.


According to a January 2011 Department of Higher Education report on teacher preparation, 12,970 students were enrolled in preparation programs in 2010, up 19 percent from 2005.

Statistics for the three programs reviewed by NCTQ:

  • UNC – 3,770 total, 2,810 undergraduate, 1,345 undergrads in elementary education
  • Colorado Christian – 227 total, 195 undergrad, 168 elementary education
  • Western – 140 total, 40 undergrad, 31 elementary education

Statewide, the number of elementary education graduates increased 15 percent from 2005 to 2010 while elementary enrollment increased 11.7 percent.

Other facts of note

Colorado law requires at least 800 hours of field experience for education students.

The state also has three-dozen alternative licensing programs, which are regulated by the Department of Education.

According to CDE, about 13,000 applications a year are for initial licenses, half from applicants trained in Colorado and half from out of state. About 800 teachers a year are trained by alternative programs.

Coming changes

Two recent state laws will affect teacher preparation in the future. Senate Bill 10-036 requires CDE, starting this year, to prepare an annual report on educator preparation program effectiveness using data collected through the educator identifier system on teachers in their first three years of work.

Senate Bill 11- 245 updates the regulation of teacher prep programs to conform with recent changes in education law and requires the Colorado Commission on Higher Education to review the current system of regulating programs and make recommendations for a new system by the end of 2013.

call out

Our readers had a lot to say in 2017. Make your voice heard in 2018.

PHOTO: Chris Hill/Whitney Achievement School
Teacher Carl Schneider walks children home in 2015 as part of the after-school walking program at Whitney Achievement Elementary School in Memphis. This photograph went viral and inspired a First Person reflection from Schneider in 2017.

Last year, some of our most popular pieces came from readers who told their stories in a series that we call First Person.

For instance, Carl Schneider wrote about the 2015 viral photograph that showed him walking his students home from school in a low-income neighborhood of Memphis. His perspective on what got lost in the shuffle continues to draw thousands of readers.

First Person is also a platform to influence policy. Recent high school graduate Anisah Karim described the pressure she felt to apply to 100 colleges in the quest for millions of dollars in scholarships. Because of her piece, the school board in Memphis is reviewing the so-called “million-dollar scholar” culture at some high schools.

Do you have a story to tell or a point to make? In 2018, we want to give an even greater voice to students, parents, teachers, administrators, advocates and others who are trying to improve public education in Tennessee. We’re looking for essays of 500 to 750 words grounded in personal experience.

Whether your piece is finished or you just have an idea to discuss, drop a line to Community Editor Caroline Bauman at

But first, check out these top First Person pieces from Tennesseans in 2017:

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

“A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.” —Anisah Karim     

Why I’m not anxious about where my kids go to school — but do worry about the segregation that surrounds us

“In fact, it will be a good thing for my boys to learn alongside children who are different from them in many ways — that is one advantage they will have that I did not, attending parochial schools in a lily-white suburb.” —Mary Jo Cramb

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

“Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.” —Grace Tatter

I went viral for walking my students home from school in Memphis. Here’s what got lost in the shuffle.

“When #blacklivesmatter is a controversial statement; when our black male students have a one in three chance of facing jail time; when kids in Memphis raised in the bottom fifth of the socioeconomic bracket have a 2.6 percent chance of climbing to the top fifth — our walking students home does not fix that, either.” —Carl Schneider

I think traditional public schools are the backbone of democracy. My child attends a charter school. Let’s talk.

“It was a complicated choice to make. The dialogue around school choice in Nashville, though, doesn’t often include much nuance — or many voices of parents like me.” —Aidan Hoyal

I grew up near Charlottesville and got a misleading education about Civil War history. Students deserve better.

“In my classroom discussions, the impetus for the Civil War was resigned to a debate over the balance of power between federal and state governments. Slavery was taught as a footnote to the cause of the war.” —Laura Faith Kebede

Weekend Reads

Need classroom decor inspiration? These educators have got you covered.

This school year, students will spend about 1,000 hours in school —making their classrooms a huge part of their learning experience.

We’re recognizing educators who’ve poured on the pizazz to make students feel welcome. From a 9th-grade “forensics lab” decked out in caution tape to a classroom stage complete with lights to get first graders pumped about public speaking, these crafty teachers have gone above and beyond to create great spaces.

Got a classroom of your own to show off? Know someone that should be on this list? Let us know!

Jaclyn Flores, First Grade Dual Language, Rochester, New York
“Having a classroom that is bright, cheerful, organized and inviting allows my students to feel pride in their classroom as well as feel welcome. My students look forward to standing on the stage to share or sitting on special chairs to dive into their learning. This space is a safe place for my students and we take pride in what it has become.”

Jasmine, Pre-K, Las Vegas, Nevada
“My classroom environment helps my students because providing calming colors and a home-like space makes them feel more comfortable in the classroom and ready to learn as first-time students!”


Oneika Osborne, 10th Grade Reading, Miami Southridge Senior High School, Miami, Florida
“My classroom environment invites all of my students to constantly be in a state of celebration and self-empowerment at all points of the learning process. With inspirational quotes, culturally relevant images, and an explosion of color, my classroom sets the tone for the day every single day as soon as we walk in. It is one of optimism, power, and of course glitter.”

Kristen Poindexter, Kindergarten, Spring Mill Elementary School, Indianapolis, Indiana
“I try very hard to make my classroom a place where memorable experiences happen. I use songs, finger plays, movement, and interactive activities to help cement concepts in their minds. It makes my teacher heart so happy when past students walk by my classroom and start their sentence with, “Remember when we…?”. We recently transformed our classroom into a Mad Science Lab where we investigated more about our 5 Senses.”


Brittany, 9th Grade Biology, Dallas, Texas
“I love my classroom environment because I teach Biology, it’s easy to relate every topic back to Forensics and real-life investigations! Mystery always gets the students going!”


Ms. Heaton, First Grade, Westampton, New Jersey
“As an educator, it is my goal to create a classroom environment that is positive and welcoming for students. I wanted to create a learning environment where students feel comfortable and in return stimulates student learning. A classroom is a second home for students so I wanted to ensure that the space was bright, friendly, and organized for the students to be able to use each and every day.”

D’Essence Grant, 8th Grade ELA, KIPP Houston, Houston, Texas
“Intentionally decorating my classroom was my first act of showing my students I care about them. I pride myself on building relationships with my students and them knowing I care about them inside and outside of the classroom. Taking the time to make the classroom meaningful and creative as well building a safe place for our community helps establish an effective classroom setting.”


Jayme Wiertzema, Elementary Art, Worthington, Minnesota
“I’m looking forward to having a CLASSROOM this year. The past two years I have taught from a cart and this year my amazing school district allowed me to have a classroom in our school that is busting at the seams! I’m so excited to use my classroom environment to inspire creativity in my students, get to know them and learn from their amazing imaginations in art class!”


Melissa Vecchio, 4th Grade, Queens, New York
“Since so much of a student’s time is spent inside their classroom, the environment should be neat, organized, easy to move around in but most of all positive. I love to use a theme to reinforce great behavior. I always give the students a choice in helping to design bulletin boards and desk arrangements. When they are involved they take pride in the classroom, and enjoy being there.”