Future of Schools

Funding panel discusses fairness, adequacy of resources to Indiana schools

PHOTO: Hayleigh Colombo
Indiana House Speaker Brian Bosma, House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Tim Brown, Indianapolis Public Schools Superintendent Lewis Ferebee and Northwest Allen County Schools Superintendent Chris Himsel participated in a January forum on school funding organized by Chalkbeat.

Charter schools and traditional public schools are often portrayed as rivals — for the same pool of money, students and teachers.

But at a conversation about school funding tonight, Indianapolis Public Schools Superintendent Lewis Ferebee said he wasn’t so much bothered by Gov. Mike Pence’s proposal to siphon off about $40 million for charter schools from the state’s next education budget.

He just thinks it should be confined to the charter schools that are already open, not new charter schools in what he believes is already a saturated market.

“I can’t ignore the fact that there are charter schools that are struggling with their operating costs, and there are charters in our city where students don’t have access to transport,” Ferebee said. “And at the end of the day, I consider those students our students, and I want those students to have access to transportation just like the students who attend IPS.”

At an event hosted by Chalkbeat, WFYI and the Central Library attended by more than 100 people, Ferebee was joined on a panel about school funding by Indiana House Speaker Rep. Brian Bosma, R-Indianapolis; Rep. Tim Brown, R-Crawfordsville; and Chris Himsel, superintendent of Northwest Allen County Schools in Fort Wayne.

Pence’s staff presented his budget proposal to the State Budget Committee this morning, suggesting $200 million additionally for all schools in the next two years. Of that, about $40 million, or $1,500 per child, was proposed on top of basic tuition aid for charter schools.

Charter schools, unlike traditional public schools, use operating money for costs like school buildings and transportation. Public schools pay those costs with small portion of property taxes that still go to local school districts. Otherwise all education costs are paid at the state level, mostly through sales and income tax.

That’s because of moves Indiana made in recent years to reduce local property tax bills.

Wealthy, mostly suburban school leaders have complained that those shifts have unexpectedly hurt their ability to offer basic services, as high poverty districts sometimes get thousands of extra dollars to support services for poor children and others that face learning barriers that wealthy district’s don’t. Locally for example, the highest per-student aid amount goes to IPS, about $2,900 more than the lowest, which is suburban Carmel.

None of the panelists offered specifics for how to fix the system, but Brown said to expect the “lion’s share” of new state spending to go toward education.

That might or might not be enough, Himsel said.

His suburban district struggles to retain teachers. Fort Wayne is close to the borders of Michigan and Ohio, where schools pay teachers more. The only way to close the gap right now is ask voters to approve a local tax referendum. But that’s a hard sell. Voters think funding reforms of recent years were supposed to cover the cost of a quality education.

“I thought the whole point was that (the state) could take care of us,” Himsel said.

But the state can’t solve everything, Bosma said. But there has been progress, such as protecting the state budget against more tax cuts. Last year, the legislature agreed to a tax cut Pence pushed for, but smaller than the cut he proposed.

“I don’t see (tax increases) on the horizon,” Bosma said. “But we’ve at least got certain corners to stop talking about tax cuts.”

In response to complaints that districts must be more efficient in spending the money they have, Ferebee said most people don’t understand the difficulties IPS schools face. Some students come to school without basic needs, like food and shelter, being met at home.

“This notion that you really don’t need those funds … I would challenge anyone to come and serve our students,” Ferebee said. “You’ll see what we do every day.”

Funding shouldn’t just be about providing students with only the basics of education.

“We can’t just fund basic needs,” Himsel said. “We have very high expectations for our kids of what we want to them to achieve. We’ve just got to figure out a way to make sure we have the resources to help them get there.”

parent power

From Amazon to air conditioners, parent leaders quizzed de Blasio and Carranza at forum

PHOTO: Reema Amin/Chalkbeat
Mayor Bill de Blasio and schools Chancellor Richard Carranza host a forum for parents in Queens, the first of five stops across the city.

Deborah Alexander, a parent whose school district covers Long Island City, asked Mayor Bill de Blasio Wednesday night why the local Community Education Council wasn’t asked to be on a committee providing input on Amazon’s controversial move to the Queens neighborhood.

De Blasio agreed. “You’re right,” the mayor said,  “the CEC should be on the committee, so we’re going to put the CEC on that committee.”

Not every question received such a cut-and-dry answer at the mayor and Chancellor Richard Carranza’s first “parent empowerment” listening tour event in Queens that drew about 200 local parents who were elected or appointed to certain boards and received invites. The pair faced a host of tough questions from parent leaders about problems including school overcrowding, the lack of air conditioners, lead in water, and busing.

By the end of the meeting, de Blasio told the audience that they should always get quick responses to their questions from the department and “that you can feel the impact of your involvement…that’s up to us to help that happen.”

He also called the listening tour “overdue,” and said that Carranza has told him the city needs to do more to reach out. Parents have often criticized city officials for not being plugged into the community.

Some questions needed more time to be answered. Bethany Thomas, co-president of the PTA at Metropolitan Expeditionary Learning School, asked why the education department had not yet signed off on aspects of the school’s plan to have more than one principal. De Blasio asked Carranza to come up with an answer by next month.

Another parent said students at P.S. 62 were drinking from school water fountains that tested positive for lead last year, even though, according to the parent, the issue had not been addressed. De Blasio asked city officials to visit the school Thursday.

Other comments were even more complicated, often causing de Blasio and Carranza to rush parents along and condense comments to one specific issue. One Asian parent, who serves on a middle school’s PTA, gave an impassioned speech about feeling like “the enemy” after de Blasio announced a proposal in June to scrap the specialized high schools admissions test in order to diversify the schools. Currently 62 percent of specialized high school students are Asian.

“This was not about saying anyone is the bad guy,” de Blasio said, who has defended the plan as a way to bring more black and Hispanic students to those high schools.

Several parents asked why their schools still don’t have air conditioners. After de Blasio and Carranza said there is a plan to put air conditioners in every school by 2021, a mother with children at John Adams High School tearfully explained that her children will be out of school by then.

Carranza said he understood her problem, and the department would follow up, but that electrical wiring at each building makes it tough to solve the problem sooner than planned.

Alexander — the parent who asked about Amazon — questioned Carranza and de Blasio about how parent feedback would be used. She talked about the resolutions her Community Education Council passes that never get responses or feedback from the education department.

“We come, all of us, unpaid, away from our families, away from our jobs, away from bed times and dinners,” Alexander said. “We want to know what we’re doing is impactful, not a checked box.”

De Blasio said the city owes her “a process,” and department officials should respond in “real-time” — which could mean a couple of weeks. Carranza and de Blasio pledged to get a report of the meeting back to the parent leaders, noting how city leaders are following up with concerns.

elected school board

In Chicago, not everyone agrees with the grassroots call for an elected school board

PHOTO: Stephen J. Serio
Panelists at a Chalkbeat Chicago forum on the city's next mayor and public schools included, from left, Jesus "Chuy" Garcia, Daniel Anello, Jitu Brown, and Beth Swanson

Despite a growing call for an elected school board, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution to Chicago’s troubled public school system.

Panelists at a Chalkbeat Chicago forum Wednesday evening split on whether an elected school board would offer more public accountability, especially given concerns that factions such as the teachers union would out-organize, and outspend, other candidates.

Daniel Anello, the CEO of school choice group Kids First, said he worried that an election determined by the size of campaign spending wouldn’t necessarily produce a board responsive to student and family needs.

“You need a school board that is representative of the communities we are talking about, but I worry if you take away accountability from the mayor, the mayor can absolve themselves of schools,” said Anello, noting his worries about big money entering a school board election. “My concern is that it is going to turn into a proxy war of ideology.”  

PHOTO: Stephen J. Serio
The crowd at the Chalkbeat Chicago Education for All event at Malcolm X College

The conversation was part of a larger discussion, hosted by Chalkbeat Chicago and sponsored by a new AT&T economic development initiative called Believe Chicago, about the next mayoral election and the future of city schools. Of the leading mayoral candidates who were invited, Lori Lightfoot and Paul Vallas attended.

The evening produced little agreement, except that school quality still differs dramatically by the address and race of students, and that the next mayor needs to be willing to have difficult, and even confrontational, conversations.

In addition to Anello, the panelists included Elizabeth Swanson, the vice president of strategy and programs at the Joyce Foundation and the former deputy chief of staff for education for outgoing Mayor Rahm Emanuel; community organizer Jitu Brown, who led the 2013 hunger strike that saved Dyett High School; and Jesus “Chuy” Garcia, a county commissioner and newly elected member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

Brown, who is the national director for the community education group Journey for Justice, made an impassioned plea for an elected school board, calling it one of the few pathways for communities of color to regain any influence over an education system he argued wasn’t working for them.

“In order for us to hold a system that has never loved us accountable, we must have democracy, we must have decision-making authority around how these institutions function in our community,” Brown said. “Is this a silver bullet? No. But is it a necessary ingredient? Yes.”

Another burning question raised during the night:. Should homegrown schools chief Janice Jackson keep her job?

Brown praised Jackson as a talented teacher and strong principal in the black community before her ascent to the central office — but expressed deep concern that she’s unable to run the district “with her instincts and what she knows how to do.”

“I think her work is highly politicized,” Brown said. “National Teachers Academy was being closed over a land grab, and her position on that was not the right position. Parents had to go to state appellate court in order to get that victory. Situations like that give me pause.”

But Anello and Swanson answered with high praise for the work Jackson has done and strong endorsements for her continuing to run the show at the nation’s third-largest school district.

Anello touted Jackson as a down-to-earth and accessible schools chief.

“If you want to have a conversation with her just pick up the phone,” he said. “That is rare in a school leader. It would be a shame and an absolute mistake to tell her to step down when you have a unicorn.”

Swanson said Jackson’s on-the-ground experience in school communities helps her relate to and inspire educators and school leaders, and her experience managing the $5 billion Chicago Public Schools make her a strong candidate to keep the job, whoever occupies the mayor’s office next year.

“I think Janice is an incredible leader, really unique,” Swanson said.

Panelists also diverged on whether the new mayor should freeze charter school expansion in the city.

Garcia questioned whether the city’s more than 100 charter schools have lived up to their billing as laboratories to experiment with and improve education. Chicago, he said, has “been infected with charter mania,” and instead needs to pivot toward the importance of ensuring current schools are adequately funded.

Anello tried quelling the debate on charters vs. neighborhood schools, arguing that parents are agnostic about school type and more concerned about quality education and good schools for their children.

“I would start by listening to communities and families,” he said.