new era

Principals applaud Fariña, de Blasio as leaders present a "tone shift"

PHOTO: Patrick Wall

It was a night of applause at Brooklyn Tech, as hundreds of the city’s principals assembled to hear from‚ and cheer for, new chancellor Carmen Fariña and Mayor Bill de Blasio.

A few principals clapped when Fariña mentioned her new deputy chancellors. Others cheered when she announced new principal training requirements. But no reaction matched the principals’ applause after one seemingly mundane announcement: their email inboxes will no longer be capped.

That inbox size limit meant principals had to spend a few hours every few months, or a bit of time every day, deleting emails. It was exactly the kind of day-to-day frustration that they didn’t expect administrators to address, principals said.

“It’s such a small detail but it shows being in tune with our reality,” Julie Nariman, principal at High School of Language and Innovation, said of the change.

For principals, Wednesday night was their first look at de Blasio-era education policy, and Fariña focused on communicating that she understood the difficulty of their jobs. She also unveiled a number of small-scale policy changes, while distancing her leadership style from that of the previous administration.

“Our tone is going to be softer,” Fariña said. “Our tone is going to be certainly more grateful.”

De Blasio was even blunter. “I’ll say it very simply. I am not trying to bring an outside model, a corporate model, a private sector model,” he said, earning a loud round of applause.

Fariña set up her praise for principals in direct contrast to her predecessors, who she said told principals at one gathering that they “were not cutting it.”

“I’m here to tell you New York City principals are making it, and are cutting it, and are the wave of the future,” Fariña said.

Other moments reflected the new leadership’s desire to be seen as inclusive. Fariña said she would be creating elementary, middle, and high school advisory panels that would approve all new policies before they left Tweed.

Fariña used the meeting to introduce the three members of the department leadership that she appointed today, including her new second-in-command, Dorita Gibson, and her new deputy chancellor for teaching and learning, Phil Weinberg. Both had been principals, she noted.

One of Fariña’s announcements was a new qualification for that job: seven years of experience. That stands in direct contrast to the Bloomberg administration’s creation of a fast-track principal training program that drew scorn for filling the city’s schools with inexperienced leaders.

Fariña did not specify what type of work would count toward those seven years, and a Department of Education spokesperson could not immediately provide clarification.

In keeping with her focus on collaboration, the department will also be setting up “demonstration schools,” for principals-in-training or principals looking for new models to visit, Fariña said.

The chancellor didn’t directly mention one of the biggest changes facing teachers and principals this year: the rollout of the Common Core standards. She also gave no indication of her plans for the network structure of school support, an issue that many principals have already been lobbying on both sides of.

Schools Chancellor Carmen Fariña addressed the city's principals during a meeting Wednesday evening at Brooklyn Technical High School.
PHOTO: Patrick Wall
Schools Chancellor Carmen Fariña addressed the city’s principals during a meeting Wednesday evening at Brooklyn Technical High School.

But Fariña did tell principals she had met with state Education Commissioner John King and Board of Regents Chancellor Merryl Tisch, alluding to the fact that she was looking for ways to improve the teacher evaluation system.

Fariña said she had also been meeting with union leaders, mentioning the principal’s union president Ernie Logan and a recent “lunch with Michael,” referring to teachers union chief Mulgrew.

De Blasio briefly brought up his plan for a new tax to pay for pre-kindergarten, which he said he “asked for and expects to receive,” and noted that reducing class sizes would be a long-term goal.

Together, the speeches reflected a shift that many principals said they were hoping to hear when they greeted Fariña with a long standing ovation.

“You know, I knew you were happy. But I didn’t realize you were this happy,” Farina said, after telling everyone to sit down.

An hour later, Michael Lerner, principal of Bard High School Early College, called the night “uplifting.”

“There’s a sense of respect,” he said. “We’ve been waiting for a month to hear her vision, and we definitely heard it. It means a lot.”

Nariman agreed. “Principals are such hard drivers. To be told we’re actually doing a good job—it’s kind of shocking,” she said. “We’re always thinking, what should we do next?”

While Fariña kept the mood celebratory, the mayor did insert one sobering moment, acknowledging that New York City schools still had much room for improvement. “We don’t stand pat and say that’s acceptable,” he said.

Rafiq Kalam Id-Din, co-principal of Teaching Firms of America Professional Prepatory Charter School, said that reality is never far from principals’ minds—which is precisely why Fariña’s tone was so welcome.

“We all know there’s a lot of work to do. There’s no need for a caustic atmosphere,” Id-Din said. “Everyone knows we have to roll up our sleeves.”

To Wilpur Morales, principal of West Bronx Academy for the Future, it was notable that Fariña was meeting with principals before she planned to meet with superintendents and network staff. “Under the previous administration,they would notify us,” he said. “Obviously she is notifying us before she is notifying them.”

Q and A

Here’s what Richard Carranza had to say in his first TV interview as New York City chancellor

Chancellor Richard Carranza was pressed on segregation, testing and metal detectors in schools.

New York City schools chief Richard Carranza has been cramming, if his first media interview since taking over the city’s schools on Monday is any indication.

Carranza spoke with NY1’s Lindsey Christ for about 30 minutes Wednesday, with an empty classroom as a backdrop. She pressed him on some of the most pressing issues facing the city, including school segregation, whether metal detectors belong in schools, and the city’s expensive Renewal program for struggling schools — where Carranza signaled that changes could be coming. He also addressed a gender discrimination lawsuit from his time as the head of San Francisco schools and called boycotts of standardized tests an “extreme reaction.” 

A few times, Carranza acknowledged he is still learning the ropes: Until he arrived in New York City, he had never worked in the country’s largest school system. He comes from Houston, where he was superintendent for less than two years.

Here’s what he had to say in Wednesday’s interview, which you can watch in its entirety here.

On segregation

Carranza is proving to be more frank than his boss — and his predecessor, retired Chancellor Carmen Fariña — on the issues of segregation and integration. Mayor Bill de Blasio has avoided those terms, preferring to speak more broadly about “diversity.” Carranza didn’t mind saying that “segregation and integration” have been issues in every district where he has worked. In Wednesday’s interview, Carranza was asked about his choice of words.

Back to Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court used the word segregation. So it is what it is. I think we get caught up sometimes in the terminology and miss the broader picture. The broader picture is that, if we have a public education system that truly belongs to the public, then every member of that public body — every single student, regardless of race, class, socioeconomic status, religious creed — should have access to all — all — opportunities in that system. And if [there is] segregation, then we need to work to end it.

On specialized high schools

New York City’s specialized high schools are some of the most prestigious in the system, but they are also starkly and persistently segregated. Only 10.4 percent of admissions offers for next year’s ninth-grade class went to black and Hispanic students, even though they make up about 70 percent of students citywide. Under de Blasio, the city has tried a number of initiatives to address the problem, but the admissions picture has not budged. Carranza suggested he wanted to see changes — but signaled that he had accepted his boss’s position that state law could be a barrier.

I’m starting to learn about what these issues are… State law notwithstanding, other protocol notwithstanding, how is that OK? From my perspective it’s not OK to have a public school in a city as diverse… and that you have only 10 African American students in a high school. So I’m looking at that, absolutely.

On a gender discrimination settlement from San Francisco

Shortly after Carranza was named chancellor, the New York Daily News uncovered a 2015 gender discrimination lawsuit involving Carranza when he was superintendent of San Francisco schools. The suit, which was settled for $75,000, was filed by a district employee who said she was denied a leadership role during Carranza’s tenure because of her gender and charged he retaliated against her for confronting him about flirting with a woman during a work conference. City Hall told Chalkbeat that officials were aware of the lawsuit but believed the allegations to be false — which Carranza echoed.

It just didn’t happen. It never happened. I’ve been an educator almost 30 years. I’ve worked with thousands of colleagues and there are many people who would talk about my character and who I am … I will stand on my record and I’ll stand on the relationships that I built. But it never happened.

On the city’s long-running investigation into yeshivas

In 2015, the education department said it would investigate whether private yeshivas offer adequate instruction in secular subjects such as math and science. The results of that politically charged investigation have yet to be revealed, and the city hasn’t offered a timeline for when it would be completed. Meanwhile, a new state law seems to hand state education leaders the power to evaluate the schools — rather than the local district. Carranza wouldn’t commit to a timeline to wrap up the city’s investigation, or even promise to finish it.

I haven’t been fully briefed on the investigation, or what this history of the investigation has been, but I believe that every student — regardless of where they go to school — needs to have a quality education. … My commitment is to be very transparent in terms of where the investigation is and what the next steps in the investigation are.

On metal detectors

Metal detectors are a polarizing issue in the debate over how to keep schools safe. Some advocates say the city would be better off investing in services like mental health supports, but others argue that metal detectors keep students and staff safe. Once metal detectors are installed in schools, they are almost never removed. But Carranza signaled he is open to having conversations about taking scanners out of schools.

The most effective, in my experience, security system is an environment where students feel a responsibility for their safety and feel comfortable in reporting when they hear or they see something… I think in some places there may be a very good reason why we have metal detectors. Again, I’m just getting here but that’s one of the topics I really want to explore. If we have metal detectors, what’s the reason for it, what’s the justification for it and if there’s no need for it, then how do we get rid of those?

On testing

New York has one of the largest opt-out movements in the country, with parents instructing their children to refuse to take standardized tests. Carranza said English and math tests should not crowd out other subjects such as art, but he also was clear that he does not encourage opting out.

I think it’s an extreme reaction to where I think we could have a much more nuanced approach. All right, let’s look at how much testing is happening in our schools, and then let’s decide what has to be there so that we know where our students are, and then let’s eliminate whatever we don’t need to have… There are a number of tests that serve a purpose. I think that’s a more nuanced conversation. What’s the purpose and why is that important?

On the Renewal program for struggling schools

De Blasio has spent more than $500 million to support struggling schools through Renewal, which floods dozens of struggling schools with extra support, social services such as health care, and a longer school day. Though the mayor promised “fast and intense” improvements, Renewal has produced mixed results. Carranza called the program “incredibly proactive,” but also suggested there might be changes coming.  

Where have the results been mixed and then how do we change strategies or how do we update our strategy? How do we become strategic in certain areas? That’s part of improving.

Compare and Contrast

Five first days of school: How Richard Carranza’s start as chancellor compares to his predecessors’

PHOTO: Christina Veiga
Richard Carranza climbed the steps of Tweed Courthouse, the education department headquarters, on his first day as chancellor. Carranza previously led schools in San Francisco and Houston.

Richard Carranza’s first day as New York City schools chief started with a photo opportunity: a snowy walk-and-wave into Tweed Courthouse, the education department’s Lower Manhattan headquarters, shortly before 9 a.m.

Later today, he plans to have lunch at an iconic New York City restaurant, Katz’s Delicatessen, with Mayor Bill de Blasio and his wife, Chirlane McCray. (It must be said: The third day of Passover makes an unusual choice for a visit to a Jewish deli.)

What Carranza won’t be doing: visiting any schools. This week is spring break, giving Carranza at least five work days before he’s likely to face any on-the-ground challenges. That should give him time to get to know his colleagues at Tweed and start getting up to speed on the major issues he’ll have to tackle.

The schedule makes Carranza’s first day very different from those of the most recent chancellors he succeeds. Here’s a look at what each of them did on day one.

Carmen Fariña eased into the limelight.

PHOTO: Patrick Wall
Chancellor Carmen Fariña.

On her first day in 2014, Fariña made a public appearance at one school, M.S. 223 in the Bronx, where she answered questions about where she planned to take the city’s schools. As a longtime veteran of the city’s schools appointed by a mayor who had vowed to shift the education department’s direction, would she seek to roll back Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s education agenda? She said she would work, at least at first, within “the framework that existed” — though four years later it’s clear that she changed the education department substantially.

Fariña also said her first day had been busy, with lots of coffee, lunch skipped, and meeting with current staffers to talk about ways to “duplicate” their policy successes — a mission at the heart of some of the programs she created. And she also foreshadowed her hesitance to be a public figure, saying “the word chancellor kind of gives me the shivers.” De Blasio is reportedly hoping Carranza will take a different approach.

Dennis Walcott made waffles.

PHOTO: Anna Phillips

He was still a few days shy of officially taking over the city’s school system when Dennis Walcott, then still a deputy mayor for Bloomberg, stopped by P.S. 10 in Brooklyn to make his trademark waffles in an appearance that many education insiders remember as his inaugural public appearance. The visit — not even his first since being appointed — fulfilled a promise made to a third-grader to prove that Walcott’s waffle recipe (sugar-free, in keeping with his fastidious health regimen) was the best in the world. A student’s question also presaged the chancellor’s first marathon several months later. The visit kicked off a gruelingand, he said, rewarding — pace of school visits that characterized Walcott’s tenure, which lasted until Bloomberg left office at the end of 2013.

Cathie Black made what might have been her longest public appearance.

PHOTO: Maura Walz
Cathie Black visited P.S. 262 in Brooklyn on her first official day as chancellor in 2011.

Cathie Black’s appointment came as a shock, but her first day on the job in January 2011 was thoroughly choreographed as she visited schools in each of the five boroughs. The city had time to prepare: It took several weeks between when Bloomberg picked her for state policy makers to give her the waiver she needed to run the city’s schools despite a total lack of education experience, and she didn’t take office for six weeks after that. At the time, Black told us she had visited roughly 20 schools before her official first day, when she stopped by a music-themed high school, a charter school that teaches Korean, and a school for students with severe disabilities. But her school-visit schedule quickly slowed as her public appearances became landmines for the city, and she resigned just three months after her official first day.

Oh, and Joel Klein was uncharacteristically quiet.

Joel Klein. (GothamSchools file photo)

Schools were also closed when Klein took office in August 2002, but he didn’t stick around the education department’s headquarters, then still located in Downtown Brooklyn. “I wanted to send a clear message that I’m going to be out and in the schools,” Klein said about why he met with a deputy in Bedford-Stuyvesant on his first day. “If schools were open today, I’d be in school. Because that’s going to be a key part of my mission.”

That meeting was closed to the press, as part of a first day that the New York Times reported “represented a striking departure from tradition, and suggested that he might, at least for now, keep a lower profile than his predecessors.” (Several of them visited schools and held press conferences, according to the Times story, and one served French toast to students — likely with syrup.) Ultimately, that proved to be far from the case: Klein was a relentless leader and divisive public figure, frequently rolling out game-changing new policies during splashy press conferences without first building support from people who worked in schools.

A takeaway from Klein’s first day more than 15 years ago: A quiet first day hardly means a low-key administration — something to watch for now as Carranza digs in.