out of albany

Speaker Heastie kicks off 2016 session with education wish list, heavy on funding hikes

PHOTO: Geoff Decker
Speaker Carl Heastie on the Assembly floor.

The 2016 state legislative session kicked off Wednesday with Assembly speaker Carl Heastie outlining his legislative wish list.

The Bronx legislator suggested he will continue to advocate for more funding for education, and for more resources for struggling schools in particular. He also said he would push for pre-kindergarten funding and for the Senate to pass a state-level DREAM Act.

As speaker, Heastie has the power to decide which bills get considered and will be involved in crafting the details of the budget. The initiatives are consistent with Heastie’s past commitments to increase school funding and earned him quick praise from the state teacher’s union.

Here’s a quick breakdown of his education priorities:

Struggling schools

Last year’s state budget included $23.5 billion for education, which officials touted as a record high. Heastie said he’d like to build on last year’s “historic investment” and offer more support to the state’s struggling schools.

Gov. Andrew Cuomo pushed a bill last year that designated some schools as persistently struggling and others as struggling. Both could face takeover from an outside entity, or a “receiver,” if they fail to meet academic benchmarks in one or two years — but only persistently struggling schools were given extra funding through that legislation.

Adding more support for struggling schools is an agenda item for a number of education advocates this year. The New York State Educational Conference Board, which includes the state teachers union and school boards association, has called the issue a top priority.

Pre-K funding

Heastie said he’s committed to making sure pre-kindergarten programs are “adequately funded” throughout the state — a bigger issue outside of New York City, where Mayor Bill de Blasio announced a few weeks ago that a record 68,500 students were enrolled in full-day pre-K this year.

Higher education

Heastie wants to provide child care assistance at state colleges. He also said he would push the State Senate to pass the DREAM Act, which would expand the availability of state financial aid to undocumented immigrant students. Last year, the Assembly passed that bill, but it was left out of the final budget deal.

Young men of color

Heastie wants New York state to provide more support to young men of color by embracing President Obama’s “My Brother’s Keeper” initiative.

The Board of Regents unveiled a $50 million plan to do that last month, which would boost funding for career and technical education programs and create a Teacher Opportunity Corps to offer financial help to prospective teachers of color.

newark notes

In Newark, a study about school changes rings true — and raises questions — for people who lived them

PHOTO: Naomi Nix
Park Elementary principal Sylvia Esteves.

A few years ago, Park Elementary School Principal Sylvia Esteves found herself fielding questions from angst-ridden parents and teachers.

Park was expecting an influx of new students because Newark’s new enrollment system allowed parents to choose a K-8 school for their child outside of their neighborhood. That enrollment overhaul was one of many reforms education leaders have made to Newark Public Schools since 2011 in an effort to expand school choice and raise student achievement.

“What’s it going to mean for overcrowding? Will our classes get so large that we won’t have the kind of success for our students that we want to have?” Esteves recalls educators and families asking.

Park’s enrollment did grow, by about 200 students, and class sizes swelled along with it, Esteves said. But for the last two years, the share of students passing state math and English tests has risen, too.

Esteves was one of several Newark principals, teachers, and parents who told Chalkbeat they are not surprised about the results of a recent study that found test scores dropped sharply in the years immediately following the changes but then bounced back. By 2016, it found Newark students were making greater gains on English tests than they were in 2011.

Funded by the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative and conducted by Harvard researchers, the study also found the reforms had no impact on student math scores.

And while many Newark families and school leaders agree with the study’s conclusion — that students are making more progress now — they had very different ideas about what may have caused the initial declines, and why English growth was more obvious than math.

Supported by $200 million in private philanthropy, former superintendent Cami Anderson and other New Jersey officials in 2011 sought to make significant changes to the education landscape in Newark, where one third of more than 50,000 students attend privately managed charter schools. Their headline-grabbing reforms included a new teachers union contract with merit-based bonuses; the universal enrollment system; closing some schools; expanding charter schools; hiring new principals; requiring some teachers to reapply for their jobs; and lengthening the day at some struggling schools.

Brad Haggerty, the district’s chief academic officer, said the initial drop in student performance coincided with the district’s introduction of a host of changes: new training materials, evaluations, and curricula aligned to the Common Core standards but not yet assessed by the state’s annual test. That was initially a lot for educators to handle at once, he said, but teacher have adjusted to the changes and new standards.

“Over time our teaching cadre, our faculty across the entire district got stronger,” said Haggerty, who arrived as a special assistant to the superintendent in 2011.

But some in Newark think the district’s changes have had longer-lasting negative consequences.

“We’ve had a lot of casualties. We lost great administrators, teachers,” said Bashir Akinyele, a Weequahic High School history teacher. “There have been some improvements but there were so many costs.”

Those costs included the loss of veteran teachers who were driven out by officials’ attempts to change teacher evaluations and make changes to schools’ personnel at the same time, according to Sheila Montague, a former school board candidate who spent two decades teaching in Newark Public Schools before losing her position during the changes.

“You started to see experienced, veteran teachers disappearing,” said Montague, who left the school system after being placed in the district’s pool of educators without a job in a school. “In many instances, there were substitute teachers in the room. Of course, the delivery of instruction wasn’t going to even be comparable.”

The district said it retains about 95 percent of its highly-rated teachers.

As for why the study found that Newark’s schools were seeing more success improving English skills than math, it’s a pattern that Esteves, the Park Elementary principal, says she saw firsthand.

While the share of students who passed the state English exam at Park rose 13 percentage points between the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 school years, the share of students who were proficient in math only rose 3 percentage points in that time frame.

“[Math is] where we felt we were creeping up every year, but not having a really strong year,” she said. “I felt like there was something missing in what we were doing that could really propel the children forward.”

To improve Park students’ math skills, Esteves asked teachers to assign “math exemplars,” twice-a-month assignments that probed students’ understanding of concepts. Last year, Park’s passing rate on the state math test jumped 12 percentage points, to 48 percent.

While Newark students have made progress, families and school leaders said they want to the district to make even more gains.

Test scores in Newark “have improved, but they are still not where they are supposed to be,” said Demetrisha Barnes, whose niece attends KIPP Seek Academy. “Are they on grade level? No.”

Chalkbeat is expanding to Newark, and we’re looking for a reporter to lead our efforts there. Think it should be you? Apply here.  

Who Is In Charge

Indianapolis Public Schools board gives superintendent Ferebee raise, bonus

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy
Lewis Ferebee

Indianapolis Public Schools Superintendent Lewis Ferebee is getting a $4,701 raise and a bonus of $28,000.

The board voted unanimously to approve both. The raise is a 2.24 percent salary increase. It is retroactive to July 1, 2017. Ferebee’s total pay this year, including the bonus, retirement contributions and a stipend for a car, will be $286,769. Even though the bonus was paid this year, it is based on his performance last school year.

The board approved a new contract Tuesday that includes a raise for teachers.

The bonus is 80 percent of the total — $35,000 — he could have received under his contract. It is based on goals agreed to by the superintendent and the board.

These are performance criteria used to determine the superintendent’s bonus are below: